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NbS are considered alternatives to human-made infrastructures. They integrate conservation and protection of biodiversity as a basis, or a goal. In the context of land restoration and conservation, agroforestry practices – the integration of trees and shrubs into farming landscapes for conservation and profit – are perfect examples of nature-based solutions
Benefits of NbS and Agroforestry Practices
Agroforestry practices have multiple proven benefits:
- they contribute to enhancing soil productivity while preserving the integrity and intrinsic value of ecosystems
- they can limit the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by binding carbon in both vegetation and soil
- they help smallholder farmers and rural communities adapt to the effects of climate change, as trees provide shade, bind soil, and increase resistance to pests, drought, and flood
- they provide access to biofuel, a variety of nutritious food, and economic income.
Small-scale agroforestry farming is common in many developing countries, where systems have often evolved through adaption to local conditions over the centuries.